Green and Compliant – A view on Bharat VI Stage Emissions Standards (BSES)


Green and Compliant

By April 1, 2021, vehicles manufactured in India must conform to stringent Bharat V1 Stage Emissions Standards (BSES). As per BSES, the motor vehicles will comply with the highest European and U.S. emissions standards. This is a giant step forward for the industry, as it must skip stage V altogether and move straight from Stage VI.

Quoted in The Hindu, Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari called this a ‘revolutionary decision.’ He also spoke about the vehicle makers achieving the standard within the timeframe saying, “We will support them in the difficulties that they face but, to control pollution they also need to support us.” The challenge for vehicle makers is to compress their accustomed development cycles by up to 50%.

In partnership with vehicle OEMs and their value chains, advanced design and manufacturing simulation has been deployed to accelerate the move to compliance and sustainability. Working this way produces innovative design options within the context of the new regulations. By merging formerly separated silos of data onto a single universally accessible enterprise platform, multi-disciplinary teams now work collaboratively to digitally define and validate optimized design options.

One example of this, at a major vehicle manufacturer, is aimed at reducing vehicle weight. Light weighting comprises more than replacing steel with aluminium or carbon fiber; it is a whole vehicle concept. This significantly decreases emissions as the engine becomes more efficient. Every gram saved makes the vehicle perform more efficiently. That adds up to financial savings for drivers as well as lowering emissions.

#3D allows you to analyze every aspect of vehicle behavior and discover ways to improve it. Click To Tweet

The key to achieving emission reduction measures is the simulation of the vehicle and its various interconnected systems. By creating an accurate 3D, digital model engineers analyze every aspect of vehicle behavior and discover ways to improve it. Redesigning fuel injectors, turbochargers or the entire drive train can be done digitally with outcomes of proposed decisions readily, easily and accurately available.

Engineers across the industry are finding new solutions to very complex problems by examining the interrelated physical, thermal, fluid, electronic and software systems that comprise a vehicle. Having a clear view of the individual systems and how they operate in context together is helping to compress development times within OEMs and throughout their value chains. With simulation engineers quickly evaluate cost against efficiency to deliver designs that target emission reductions within specified budgetary constraints.

Retrofitting new components and systems to existing vehicle models also helps deliver Bharat VI compliance. Component makers deploy simulation to improve quality by revealing potential failures and making corrective actions before any parts are physically made. With this methodology, complex interfaces and co-relationships can be analyzed and questions like ‘will it fit’ and ‘will it work’, both in practice and within the new regulatory framework, are quickly resolved.

Electric vehicle development in India is both exciting and challenging for the OEM’s and startups that we partner with in that sector. Business news source Reuters, recently reported on a recommendation, in a draft report which says. “Niti Aayog, the planning body, headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, is aimed at electrifying all vehicles in the country by 2032”. Using 3D cloud-based simulation, brands and manufacturers are surmounting significant technical, engineering and production issues to imagine, create, design and deliver new transportation concepts that integrate efficiently with the charging infrastructure, road, and city developments that will help realize this policy.

India is on the threshold of a new era of vehicle making. Explore how. Click To Tweet

India is on the threshold of a new era of vehicle making with more clean-running products coming to the market. The challenges that we face in harmonizing our vehicle sector with the world’s highest standards presents unprecedented complexity within highly constrained timeframes. OEMs, component manufacturers and their value chains that have invested in the means to simulate, simplify and solve these issues are currently on track. They are delivering the best outcomes in accordance with business strategy and government policies so that they, and all of us, can breathe more easily.