The business world is more volatile than ever and staying ahead of the competition is becoming more and more difficult. How can your company survive and thrive in this difficult and dynamic marketplace?
The key to staying ahead in the game is to start taking demand planning seriously. Forecasting should be a daily process of gathering information from different sources, based upon multiple hierarchical dimensions, aggregating to higher levels, dis-aggregating to lower levels, and incorporating rules that make the forecasting process manageable. Finally, you must corroborate your forecast with actual orders by using KPIs. Let me explain these points:
1. Use different sources of information
The most obvious source of a forecast is to look at historical sales orders and run a statistical analysis on this. But there are many more sources. For most branches in a company, forecasting information is made available by commercial market analysis agencies and data from the sales organization. Don’t forget that your end customer may also be willing to share their forecast for your products. Analyzing differences between various sources can identify areas of interest that you can examine further.
2. Use multiple hierarchical dimensions
In order to detect trends, it is useful to zoom out and – instead of focusing on the “finished products” level – generate a forecast based on multiple, hierarchical levels. Most manufacturing organizations use hierarchies for both their sales organization (for example, region-country-customer) and product hierarchies (for example, product type – product group – product).
3. Aggregate/ dis-aggregate
Good forecasting tools should allow planners to aggregate a forecasts to a higher level on product, sales or time dimension. Dis-aggregating to lower levels is required when the forecasting has been done on a higher level. For example, if you receive data on the product type level, and you would like to forecast what this means for lower levels, disaggregation on dimensions is needed.
4. Use rules to manage forecasting
Usually the amount of data involved in forecasting is huge. Not having rules or macros that support the forecasting process can make that process very time consuming. A good forecasting tool should support rules such as this: For product A, use source of information 1 for forecasting the first 3 months and after that use source 2.
5. Corroborate your forecast with actual sales
The current order book can be used to verify the short term forecast. Although there are no guarantees that this forecast will hold true in the long term, it provides a good indication if your forecast is on the right track. Unexpected deviations may point to errors in the forecast. Forecasting KPIs are essential to measure the forecasting process.
What forecasting KPIs do you use to measure the quality of your forecast? Is your company taking demand planning seriously?